ACLs are a method for defining access to files and directories on a system. These can be set at the user level, group level, or via the effective rights mask.
setfacl are used to get and change ACL permissions respectively. If you are setting for a specific user then the text form of the attribute is
user:username:rwx. If you want the permission to apply to the default user (or group) then you would use the text term
To check the status of any extended Access Control Lists:
To update a file access control list, you would use:
setfacl -m u:lisa:r filename
This would give the user
lisa read access to the file.
Where a user is specified, this can also be done for a group:
setfacl -m g:wheel:r filename
To remove access from a file:
setfacl -x filename
Note that this will remove all extended permissions from that file.
To remove just one access control use the
setfacl -m u:lisa:r-x filename
By adding an
-R flag, an ACL is applied recursively (i.e. to directories and files below the path specified).
setfacl -R -m u:lisa:rwx directory_name
This will provide read, write and execute to the directory
directory_name and any files within that directory.